As we continue through the
five-step process regarding the criteria relating to determining if your are
disabled under the Social Security Act, we will examine Step 3. This step asks
whether the medical condition that the candidate suffers from is included
in the Listing of Impairments?
The Listing of Impairments is a list contained with 20 C.F.R Part 404,
Subpart P, Appendix 1 that describes certain impairments for each body
system. These impairments are considered severe enough to prevent the
person from "engaging in substantial gainful activity." Thus,
medical evidence alone might be sufficient to establish that a person
is disabled if one of two elements are met.
First, if the evidence demonstrates that you have an impairment described
in Part A of the Listing of Impairments this is called "meeting a
listing." It is important to note that have a diagnosis with the
same name is not the test--that is, the claimant must have the same symptoms,
clinical signs, and laboratory findings. If the impairment is the same
in name and severity, then the claimant will be considered disabled.
Secondly, if the condition of the claimant is not on the list then the
ALJ will determine if the severity of the condition is on the list. If
the severity is the same then the claimant will be considered disabled.
The conditions are categorized according to the various body systems, arranged
within the numbering system below:
1.00 Musculoskeletal System
2.00 Special Senses and Speech
3.00 Respiratory System
4.00 Cardiovascular System
5.00 Digestive System
6.00 Genitourinary System
7.00 Hematological Disorders
8.00 Skin Disorders
9.00 Endocrine System
10.00 Impairments that Affect Multiple Body Systems
13.00 Malignant Neoplastic Diseases
14.00 Immune System Disorders
If you establish that you have in a disability under either of these two
steps then the claimant will be considered disabled regardless of age,
education, or work experience. If you are unable to establish a disability
under this prong, then the evaluation will continue to Step 4.