The basis for a stop-and-frisk search is that the officer must be certain that he or she is not in danger. Thus, the law allows them to conduct searches of those people suspected of crime to see if they have a weapon. What is the scope of the search?
Generally, the search must be limited to a intrusion that is reasonably implemented to discover a weapon--gun, knives, or any other object that could be used as a weapon. With that in mind, the search has to be limited to only those areas that are necessary, or that might contain a weapon.
This includes areas that are off of the person's body. In other words, any area that the suspect could lunge, grasp, or within reach of the suspect.
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