The final and third category of immune disorders that the SSA evaluates and considers is HIV. First, the claimant must demonstrate to the SSA through medical evidence and documentation. This can be done by laboratory evidence or by generally acceptable methods that are consistent with medical knowledge and practice. The SSA will not pay, as they do in some cases, for laboratory testings to determine if a person has HIV infection.
The SSA wants to see "definitive documentation of HIV infection." There are several tests that the SSA wants to see, which are:
(1) HIV antibody tests detected by a test other than the ELISA screening test. This means a Western blot or an immunofluorescence assay;
(2) Positive viral load tests. These tests are generally used to determine how "much" of the virus is present, but the SSA will obviously use it to document HIV infection;
(3) HIV DNA detection by a PCR (a polymerase chain reaction);
(4) A serum specimen, lymphocyte cultur, or cerebrospinal fluid specimen that contains HIV antigen;
(5) A viral culture from peripheral blood mononuclear cless (PBMC) that is positive of HIV.
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