When Does Fraud Become a Federal Matter?

The victims of state and federal fraud crimes often suffer both psychological distress and financial harm. Some people even experience medical problems, such as stress, anxiety and panic attacks after they have been victimized. According to the U.S Department of Justice, “Millions of people in the United States are victims of fraud crimes each year.” The DOJ refers to fraud crimes as a “personal violation.” Victims’ trust in their own judgement and their trust in others can be shattered, especially when they know the perpetrator. Victims often hesitate to tell their family, friends and colleagues about their victimization because they’re afraid they’ll be criticized for letting their guard down.

What is Fraud Exactly?

“Fraud occurs when a person or business intentionally deceives another with promise of goods, services, or financial benefit that do not exist, were never intended to be provided, or were misrepresented,” says the DOJ. Anyone can be a victim of financial fraud. Fraudsters are not concerned with a person’s age, educational background, gender, race, or geographic location. In fact, the DOJ says that perpetrators often target groups of people based on one or more of the above factors.

When Fraud Becomes a Federal Crime

Fraud crimes are criminalized on the state and federal levels. This means that if a person commits fraud, he or she may be prosecuted on the state or federal level, depending on the following factors:

  • The type of fraud committed.
  • The amount of money stolen.
  • The laws violated (state or federal or both).
  • Where the crime was committed (in a state, or across state lines or national borders).
  • Whether public services were used, such as the U.S. Postal Service or Medicare, which are federally regulated.

Common Types of Fraud

When it comes to fraud-related crimes, perpetrators don’t use guns or knives. Instead, they use a telephone, the internet, a fancy brochure, or an investment opportunity. Frauds come in many varieties, including but not limited to:

If you are facing state or federal fraud charges in Plano or Dallas, we urge you to contact The Zendeh Del Law Firm, PLLC to schedule a consultation. Our top-rated legal team has the knowledge and experience to defend you in the state and federal courts.

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